On January 28 a dazzling march took invest Kyiv: teenage boys putting on camouflage uniforms and balaclavas moved through the main roads. As soon as the march ended about 600 users of the NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” (National Militia devices) launched by the veterans regarding the Azov regiment had been sworn in. Numerous discovered this scene much like marches of paramilitary devices. It arrived as being a fantasy image when it comes to propaganda that is russian for all western news that think about you will find dangers associated with the nationalistic retaliation in Ukraine. In addition it raised a true quantity of concerns.
Just How may be the Natsionalni Druzhyny from the Azov battalion?
The Natsionalni Druzhyny is a task for the alleged Azov-related group connected into the Azov regiment of this National Guard. Azov regiment ended up being founded on the basis of the volunteer battalion Azov that were part that is taking the combat actions in eastern Ukraine since 2014. In 2017, the regiment’s veterans established the political celebration “National Corps” (Natsionalnyi Korpus) chaired by MP Andriy Biletskyi. Previously they founded a few non-government businesses including “Civic Corps” (Tsyvilnyi Korpus) and “Defense and Reconstruction regarding the Country” (Zakhyst i rekonstruktsia krayiny, abbreviated ZiRKa). Formal founders regarding the NGO “The Natsionalni Druzhyny” registered in Kyiv are three veterans of this Azov regiment: Ihor Kashka, Artem Klimkin, and Maksym Klymka. Another Azov veteran Ihor Bober is detailed since the organization’s head, the regiment’s veteran commander Ihor Mykhailenko may be the commander.
Far-right? Nationalists? Fascists?
For four years in a line “National Corps” users, along with Azov regiment combatants, have now been labeled supporters regarding the neo-Nazi ideology, also numerous point at them for using the runic symbols just like the symbols utilized by the Nazi. The Azov regiment was founded by members of the far-right organization “Patriot of Ukraine” (Patriot Ukrainy) and football ultras, who often do not hide their far-right views in the first place. In accordance with Ihor Mykhailenko, chief of this Natsionalni Druzhyny, numerous people in the militia devices are supporters for the “modern nationalism” ideology that is at the foundation associated with “National Corps” party.
De jure: an NGO or even a product set to keep up general public purchase?
As explained by Ihor Bober, mind of this Natsionalni Druzhyny, in Kyiv the devices run beneath the NGO status whilst in other metropolitan areas, for instance, in Lutsk or Cherkasy – as being a civic device set to keep up general public purchase. “We are trying to have the documents for Kyiv re-registered, ” he explained.
Will they be patrolling the roads associated with money?
Mind for the division for discussion because of the police and security that is municipal of Kyiv City State management Oleh Kuyavskyi stated that the town authorities hadn’t gotten any particular papers through the Natsionalni Druzhyny. Head of this Kyiv patrol authorities division Yuriy Zozulia said that Kyiv policemen aren’t jointly patrolling the roads with any civic team. “My place is: should you want to protect the order that is public go serve using the police, ” the authorities chief stated. “We came across than in patrolling the streets together with policemen, ” Zozulia said with them to realize that they are interested rather in spreading the information about themselves.
The way the Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed?
This real question is of concern to numerous whom view the whole tale unfolding, therefore the issues are not groundless. Hromadske broadcast counted that to be able to procure the coats for example thousand people across Ukraine one could require over UAH 1,7 million (approx. EUR 50 thousand). Costs have a great deal larger in the event that price of fleece caps can be counted. People of The Natsionalni Druzhyny reassure that the business exists due to the account contributions. Giving an answer to the reporters’ concerns Ihor Mykhailenko stated: “There is no sum that is fixed a donation. Every person brings up to they desire. ” However, previous Roman Chernyshov, spokesperson associated with the governmental celebration “National Corps” that really arranged the ceremony where 600 militia device people had been sworn in on January 28, told Hromadske broadcast in a comment that The Natsionalni Druzhyny is financed by Ukrainian companies without naming specific organizations or business owners. In the time that is same leaders of this Natsionalni Druzhyny state it is really not true. “I guess its not likely he may have stated that The Natsionalni Druzhyny has been financed by representatives for the company. It isn’t real, ” the commander for the Natsionalni Druzhyny stated.
Would be the Natsionalni Druzhyny “the army” regarding the Interior Minister Arsen Avakov?
There was an opinion that is widespread The Natsionalni Druzhyny might be a “private military” of this Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov. In addition, both Avakov while the devices’ representatives disprove it publicly. “There is only 1 monopoly on enforcing the law – it is the National Guard, the National Police together with Ukrainian Armed Forces. All other paramilitary teams attempting to establish on their own within the streets aren’t appropriate, ” Avakov said. “As the minister, i shall perhaps maybe not enable any synchronous structures to establish on their own when you look at the roads as alternate armed forces teams, ” the Minister included. “Neither Avakov, nor Poroshenko or other agency has any authority that is moral us. They’re the authorities that missed down their opportunity, ” said Ihor Mykhailenko, mind associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny.
Does the setup for the Natsionalni Druzhyny violate what the law states?
The Law “On participation of citizens in securing order that is public their state edge” repeatedly quoted because of the leaders associated with Natsionalni Druzhyny foresees the likelihood to activate representatives of civic groups in patrolling for the roads but exclusively jointly using the nationwide authorities staff. Representatives associated with the Natsionalni Druzhyny interpret the provisions actually for the legislation quite easily. Therefore, during the press-conference of 31 in Kyiv Ihor Mykhailenko did not deny the fact that there are minors among the organization’s members january. “These are 17-year old dudes who already graduated from college. I don’t see anything incorrect along with it, ” he stated. Regulations presently stipulates that only people of age may be people in such groups that are civic. What the law states additionally prohibits the usage of cool tools or firearms because of the group that is civic. But, the applying form towards the Natsionalni Druzhyny asks in the event that applicant is with in possession of authorized tools.
A fruitful PR move for a party that is political?
Ministry of Interior representative Artem Shevchenko claims that the look of The Natsionalni Druzhyny is just polish polish brides a “quite successful PR move ahead their part, a trick that is staged nothing but that. ”
He included that he’s uncertain if the Natsionalni Druzhyny is registered as a bunch that may protect general public purchase in accordance utilizing the legislation. “It may be the journalists’ task to learn they pretend to be or they are just bluffing by shooting beautiful videos and thus making themselves being mentioned on the main TV channels without actually paying for the advertising if they are what. Any NGO this is certainly lawfully registered and it is registered because of the local workplaces of this Ministry of Justice as a group that is civic the safeguarding for the general public purchase or even their state edge, can in fact be doing it. ”